Anglo Saxon Agreement

The Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum was a ninth-century peace agreement between Alfred von Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia. It establishes the borders between the territories of Alfred and Guthrum, as well as the agreements on peaceful trade and the value of its population. Over time, the Vikings took control of several Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Eventually, the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings reached a peace agreement, but the fighting lasted for many years. In 866, the Danish Grand Army landed in East Anglia with the intention of conquering all the English kingdoms. During his campaign, the Viking army conquered the kingdoms of Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria, and although they first invaded the kingdom of Wessex, the Danish king Guthrum was defeated by Alfred`s army in the Battle of Edington in 878. [1] Under the conditions of his surrender, Guthrum was soon forced to be baptized[a] and then leave Wessex with his army. The agreement in which Guthrum capitulated, was baptized and agreed to leave Wessex is known as the Treaty of Wedmore. [3] It is not possible to date with certainty this English agreement between King Alfred von Wessex (871-899) and Guthrum, the Viking king of East Anglia († 889/90).

He fixed the boundary between their kingdoms and regulated the relations between the English and Danish subjects of the two kings in criminal matters and procedural and guarantee. The Anglo-Saxons had no prisons. Those found guilty were either executed or subject to fines. The Anglo-Saxon story tells a lot of Viking robberies. The first Viking hold-up recorded in the Anglo-Saxon chronicle was around 787 AD. This was the beginning of a bitter struggle between the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings. The Anglo-Saxons and Vikings became neighbors in Britain, but they did not always get along peacefully. This put an end to Anglo-Saxon and Viking domination. A new era of Norman rule in England had begun. The most powerful Anglo-Saxon king was Edgar. The Welsh and Scottish rulers obeyed him and the English, and his farm in Winchester was one of the most magnificent in Europe.

Anglo-Saxon England reached its peak during edgar`s reign. The laws fixed the Weregild of the Danes and the English at the same value, eight half-marks of refined gold, and with churls on taxable land and ”theirs”, that is to say the Danes, free, fixed at the same lower value of 200 shillings. Witnesses taking oaths to free themselves from guilt are also divided into two stages, with a Thegn king, that is, a nobleman, being accused of murder to free himself, who needs the support of twelve other Thegns, while someone of lower rank needs eleven of his own rank and a king. Peace forbids men from joining war gangs to attack others without permission, and fixes details that are far from exchanging hostages and guaranteeing promises of peace if you act, if you act between the two groups. The longer version 2 adds to the details of the trade a final remark that, in a delightful euphemism, one must declare honesty and know that the one who will act has ”clean back”. The first sentences, published by Liebermann in the introduction (i.e. Prologue), in both versions, as the first sentence, are largely identical in both versions and speak each of the participants in the armistice – the two kings as leaders of the respective armies, as well as the advisors and people of the English nation. While there are some variations in the wording, version 2 uses ”cweden” to describe the word of the oaths, while version 1 originally uses ”sworen”, which is then glossed in interlinenary space as ”cþve”, most likely from the hand that provided the headings throughout the manuscript…